How to Determine the Author's Point of View | Reading
Point of view (POV) identifies the person telling a story. Authors can choose from first person, second person, or third person points of view to write a story. Determining which POV is being used is a high emphasis topic on the TASC Test Assessing Secondary Completion™ Reading subtest.
First Person Point of View
In first person POV, readers hear the story unfold through the eyes of one character in the story. This character speaks to readers in his or her own voice, frequently using the pronoun 'I.'
An example of first person point of view is Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, told from the first person point of view of Scout, a character in the novel.
Second Person Point of View
The second person POV makes the reader a character in the story by addressing the reader as ‘you.’ This point of view is rare in literature.
An example of second person point of view is the Choose Your Own Adventure series, in which readers make decisions that affect the story's plot and lead to different outcomes.
Third Person Point of View
The narrator in the third person POV is outside the story. The narrator uses pronouns, like 'he,' 'she,' and 'they,' to describe the characters. According to Study.com, the third person point of view is divided into three subcategories:
1. The objective third person. The narrator does not reveal the characters' thoughts and feelings but sticks to the external facts of the story. The Scarlet Letter uses this point of view.
2. The limited third person. The narrator describes the thoughts and feelings of one character, usually the main character. The Harry Potter series uses this point of view.
3. The omniscient third person. The narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of all the characters. Charlotte's Web uses this point of view.